Angina: 3 Important Facts

hands grabbing on chest & copy space on right for heart attack or sentimental concept

(DGIwire) – Angina is chest pain or discomfort caused when the heart muscle doesn’t get enough oxygen-rich blood, according to the American Heart Association (AHA). The discomfort can also occur in the shoulders, arms, neck, jaw or back. Here are three key things to know about this condition:

  • Angina is not a disease. Angina is a painful symptom of an underlying heart problem, usually coronary heart disease, says the AHA. This usually happens because one or more of the coronary arteries is narrowed or blocked, also called ischemia. Angina can also be a symptom of coronary microvascular disease, which affects the heart’s smallest coronary arteries.
  • There are many risk factors for angina. These include: unhealthy cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, being overweight or obese, metabolic syndrome, inactivity, unhealthy diet, older age and a family history of early heart disease, the AHA reports.
  • Various conventional and cutting-edge treatments exist for angina. Lifestyle changes, medicines, cardiac procedures and cardiac rehab are among the traditional categories of treatment recommended for angina, according to the AHA. These are designed to reduce pain and discomfort and how often the angina pain occurs.

Broadening the physician’s toolkit when it comes to the treatment of angina is a win-win for the medical community and all patients who are affected by this painful condition which limits a patient’s capacity for physical exertion. It will be interesting to see what the future holds…